Types Of Electric Cars

What are the types of hybrid cars?

What are the types of hybrid cars? Most car propulsion systems share two types: an internal combustion engine propulsion system and a battery-based electric motor drive system.

It is natural for each system to have its pros and cons; So car companies developed a hybrid system in which they tried to create a bridge between the two worlds and take advantage of the advantages of each one.

Read more: The difference between an electric car and a hybrid

What are the types of hybrid cars?

In the following lines, we will mention the types of hybrid cars:

Mild hybrid

  1. Udo Righeimer of Audi explained that the form known as the mild hybrid drive system is the latest but despite this the most widespread.
  2. It relies on an electric generator instead of a dynamo in order to support the gasoline or diesel engine.
  3. Usually fed from an internal network with a voltage of up to 48 volts, this electric motor generates 15 kW/20 hp and 200 Nm of maximum torque.
  4. This is not enough for electric driving, Righeimer added, but it has many other advantages such as assistance when starting to turn.
  5. It can convert more kinetic energy when braking and store it in an additional battery.
What are the types of hybrid cars
What are the types of hybrid cars

Traditional hybrid

  • The traditional form of a hybrid drivetrain is a much more powerful electric motor and a larger battery. for example.
  • Conventional hybrid cars can drive on electric propulsion for short distances and at moderate speeds.
  • The battery is also charged with kinetic energy during braking rather than being wasted as heat on the brake discs.
  • The electric motor’s polarity is reversed so that at least some of this energy is recovered, for reuse.

Read more: Advantages and disadvantages of electric cars

Plug-in Hybrid

  1. There is a plug-in hybrid based on a more powerful motor, a larger battery, and a charging socket. Hans-Georg Marmite.
  2. An expert from the German Technical Inspection Authority explained that this shape is the closest to the models based on the pure electric propulsion system.
  3. It can also travel good distances with only the cranks of the electric motor, while the combustion engine is used only when needed, such as on long trips.
  4. This type of car has a driving range of 50 km and a speed of 130 km / h.
  5. This technology also offers another advantage.
  6. Which is the possibility of a four-wheel-drive if the electric motor is installed on the rear axle.
  7. So instead of integrating it into the transmission, as is the case with the Mini Countryman.
  8. Naturally, this electrical subsidy will have an impact on reducing fuel consumption, and thus reducing harmful emissions to the environment.
  9. It is true that experts were looking at the hybrid drive system as a transitional stage between the modern combustion engines and the electric motor.
  10. However, plug-in hybrid propulsion technology is simply threatening this view, at least in light of the difficulties facing electric cars so far.

Related Articles

Back to top button